JESUS ALAYHIS SALAAM

صفة عيسى عليه السلام

Sahih al-Bukhari 3239 Book 59, Hadith 50

”And I saw Esa a well built man of medium complexion with redness and whiteness in it and lank haired”

ا

صحيح البخاري    ج ٥٩  حديث ٥٠

وَرَأَيْتُ عِيسَى رَجُلاً مَرْبُوعًا مَرْبُوعَ الْخَلْقِ إِلَى الْحُمْرَةِ وَالْبَيَاضِ، سَبْطَ الرَّأْسِ،

 

 

 

 

Sahih al-Bukhari,  7128,  Book 92, Hadith 75

`Abdullah bin `Umar said ” No by Allah the Prophet may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him never said that Esa was Red . But what he actually said was ,  “While I was sleeping, I saw myself  performing Tawaf around the Ka`ba. Then I saw an Adam ( dark brown to jet black ) coloured man with lank hair, and water was dropping from his head. I asked, “Who is this?’ They replied, ‘The son of Mary.’ Then I turned and saw a stocky man, red  complexion, kinky hair and blind in one eye. His eye looked like a grape protruding out . They said , He is Ad-Dajjal.” The Prophet (ﷺ) added, “The man that resembled the Dajjal  most is Ibn Qatan, a man from the tribe of Khuza`a.

 

صحيح البخاري ج ٩٢ حديث ٧٥

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمَكِّيُّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الزُّهْرِيُّ عَنْ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ لَا وَاللَّهِ مَا قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لِعِيسَى أَحْمَرُ وَلَكِنْ قَالَ بَيْنَمَا أَنَا نَائِمٌ أَطُوفُ بِالْكَعْبَةِ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ آدَمُ سَبْطُ الشَّعَرِ يُهَادَى بَيْنَ رَجُلَيْنِ يَنْطِفُ رَأْسُهُ مَاءً أَوْ يُهَرَاقُ رَأْسُهُ مَاءً فَقُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالُوا ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ فَذَهَبْتُ أَلْتَفِتُ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ أَحْمَرُ جَسِيمٌ جَعْدُ الرَّأْسِ أَعْوَرُ عَيْنِهِ الْيُمْنَى كَأَنَّ عَيْنَهُ عِنَبَةٌ طَافِيَةٌ قُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالُوا هَذَا الدَّجَّالُ وَأَقْرَبُ النَّاسِ بِهِ شَبَهًا ابْنُ قَطَنٍ قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ رَجُلٌ مِنْ خُزَاعَةَ هَلَكَ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ

ت

 

مk

Sahih Al Bukhari , 169 , Book 1, Hadith 333

Abdullah Ibn Umar said,  the Messenger of Allah may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him  said one day between two people was the Dajjal . So he said,” Verily Allah the Blessed and All Mighty is not blind of one eye. Verily, the Masih al-Dajjal is blind in his right eye , like a grape that is swollen, and the Messenger of Allah may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him said: I was shown a vision in my dream  that near the Ka’bah was a an Adam(dark brown to jet black)  complexioned, the best of the Adam (dark brown to jet black)  that you can ever see, his locks of hair were falling on his shoulders. His  hair was slightly kinky, and water trickled down from his head. He was placing his bands on the shoulders of two people while circumambulating the Ka’bah. I said: Who is he? They replied: Al-Masih son of Mary. And I saw behind him a man with very kinky hair, blind in his right eye who resembled Ibn Qatan immensely . He was making a circuit around the Ka’bah by placing both his hands on the shoulders of two people. I said: Who is he? They said; It is al-Masih al-Dajjal”

 

صحيح البخاري ج ١ حديث ٣٣٣

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ الْمُسَيَّبِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا أَنَسٌ، – يَعْنِي ابْنَ عِيَاضٍ – عَنْ مُوسَى، – وَهُوَ ابْنُ عُقْبَةَ – عَنْ نَافِعٍ، قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ ذَكَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْمًا بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَىِ النَّاسِ الْمَسِيحَ الدَّجَّالَ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى لَيْسَ بِأَعْوَرَ أَلاَ إِنَّ الْمَسِيحَ الدَّجَّالَ أَعْوَرُ عَيْنِ الْيُمْنَى كَأَنَّ عَيْنَهُ عِنَبَةٌ طَافِيَةٌ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ أَرَانِي اللَّيْلَةَ فِي الْمَنَامِ عِنْدَ الْكَعْبَةِ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ آدَمُ كَأَحْسَنِ مَا تَرَى مِنْ أُدْمِ الرِّجَالِ تَضْرِبُ لِمَّتُهُ بَيْنَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ رَجِلُ الشَّعَرِ يَقْطُرُ رَأْسُهُ مَاءً ‏.‏ وَاضِعًا يَدَيْهِ عَلَى مَنْكِبَىْ رَجُلَيْنِ وَهُوَ بَيْنَهُمَا يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ فَقُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا فَقَالُوا الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ ‏.‏ وَرَأَيْتُ وَرَاءَهُ رَجُلاً جَعْدًا قَطَطًا أَعْوَرَ عَيْنِ الْيُمْنَى كَأَشْبَهِ مَنْ رَأَيْتُ مِنَ النَّاسِ بِابْنِ قَطَنٍ وَاضِعًا يَدَيْهِ عَلَى مَنْكِبَىْ رَجُلَيْنِ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ فَقُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قَالُوا هَذَا الْمَسِيحُ الدَّجَّالُ ‏”‏

 

 

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Sharh Al-Nawawi on Sahih Muslim Chapter  1 page 302, Kitabul Iman

Imam Al Nawawi said concerning the discrepancies of the narration of Esa alayhis Salaam.

“It is permissable for the narrator to interpretate Adam as red however what is intended is not the exact literal meaning, but rather that which is near to it

And Allah knows best” .

 

شرح النووي كتاب الامان  ج ١ ص ٣٠٢

‎الراوي فيجوز أن يتأول الأحمر على الآدم ولا يكون المراد حقيقة الأدمة والحمرة بل ما قاربها والله أعلم.

h

ا

ن

If we look at how Imam Qurtabi and Ibn Atiyyah explained his understanding of Al Udmah again when he said Udmah was basically a black and red mix = Very dark and sometimes jet black.

Abu Al Abbaas Ahmed Ibn Umar Ibn Ibraheem Al Qurtobi says in his book Al Mufhim Chapter 1 page 400

”Al Adam is from aludmah and it is above(darker than) As Sumurah but lighter than As Sahmah and Al Udmah leans towards the colour black with some redness/ hitting redness ( obviously not the red that meant pale white) ”

ن

قال أبو العباس أحمد بن عمر بن إبراهيم القرطبي في كتبه المفهم لما أشكل من كتاب تلخيص مسلم ج١ ص ٤٠٠

”ادم من الادمة وهو لون فوق السمرة و دون السحمة و كان الادمة يسير سواد يضرب الاحمر ”

 

الادمة يسير سواد يضرب إلى حمرة

Ibn Atiyah said in his book Tafseer Ibn Atiyah Chapter 1 Page 222

The colour Adam is derived from Al Udmah , and it is redness leaning to jet blackness.

 

ن

قال  ابن عطية في كتابه تفسير عطية ج ١ ص ٢٢٢

ادم : افـعـل مـشتق من الادمة , وهي حمرة تميل الى السواد

ت

And Ibn Sayyadh when he gives the explaining of what Hawaa means

Ibn Mandhoor narrates in Lisan Al Arab Chapter 14 page 209 that,

”Ibn Sayaadah said, ” Shifatu Hawaa: ”Redness hitting blackness” (meaning a blackish red) and there was a lot of talk about this until everything black was named Ahwaa.

 

ات

قال ابن منظور في لسان العرب ج ١٤ ص ٢٠٩

وقال ابن سيده: شفة حوّاء: حمراء تضرب إلى السواد، وكثر في كلامهم حتى سمّوا كل أسود أحوى”

k

 

 

 

Another narration in Musnad Ahmed indicates that he was from the people of colour.

 Musnad Ahmed Chapter 50 Page 488

‘ I saw Esa as a young man , white ( brown or pure) , kinky haired’

 

  مسند أحمد بن حنبل ج  ٥٠  ص   ٤٨٨

وَرَأَيْتُ عِيسَى شَابًّا أَبْيَضَ ، جَعْدَ الرَّأْسِ

 Some other considerations need to be taken when understanding these reports.

1. Esa(Jesus) alayhi as Salaam had no father.

2. Due to him having no father, his lineage to the children of Israel is only through his mother which is unusual, as the lineage is usually recognised through the side of the fathers.

3. The story of the Children of Israel is different to the story of the Arabs. The Children of Israel had a different mission. In their times they were the only ones who had to believe as the messengers and Prophets were sent to them alone as a tribe and because of that they were not allowed to marry outside of the Children of Israel nor was it compulsory upon them to spread the message in order to convert other groups. So there would be no apparent reason for Jesus to have looked different from his mother nor is there any reason for his mother to have looked any different from Moses may Allah’s peace be upon them all.

 

On the authority of Jabir b. ‘Abdullah Al-Ansari who said,

”’The Prophet may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him said: I have been given upon five (things) which were not consented to anyone before me: Every Prophet was sent specifically to his own people, whereas I have been sent to every red and the black, the spoils of war have been made lawful for me, and these were never made lawful to anyone before me, and the earth has been made sacred and pure and a place of prostration for me, so whenever the time of prayer comes for any one of you he should pray wherever he is, and I have been supported by awe  from the distance (which one takes) one month to cover and I have been granted intercession.”
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى، أَخْبَرَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، عَنْ سَيَّارٍ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ الْفَقِيرِ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ أُعْطِيتُ خَمْسًا لَمْ يُعْطَهُنَّ أَحَدٌ قَبْلِي كَانَ كُلُّ نَبِيٍّ يُبْعَثُ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ خَاصَّةً وَبُعِثْتُ إِلَى كُلِّ أَحْمَرَ وَأَسْوَدَ وَأُحِلَّتْ لِيَ الْغَنَائِمُ وَلَمْ
تُحَلَّ لأَحَدٍ قَبْلِي وَجُعِلَتْ لِيَ الأَرْضُ طَيِّبَةً طَهُورًا وَمَسْجِدًا فَأَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ أَدْرَكَتْهُ الصَّلاَةُ صَلَّى حَيْثُ كَانَ وَنُصِرْتُ بِالرُّعْبِ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ مَسِيرَةِ شَهْرٍ وَأُعْطِيتُ الشَّفَاعَةَ ‏”
This is why the message that they were given didn’t meet the Arabs properly and Allah explains this in the Quran in Suratul Hud ayat 49
”This is from the news we reveal to you by revelation you DID NOT KNOW THIS NOR DID YOUR PEOPLE BEFORE THIS so be patient for verily the best result is for those who are true believers”
تِلْكَ مِنْ أَنبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهَا إِلَيْكَ ۖ مَا كُنتَ تَعْلَمُهَا أَنتَ وَلَا قَوْمُكَ مِن قَبْلِ هَٰذَا ۖ فَاصْبِرْ ۖ إِنَّ الْعَاقِبَةَ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
And Allah knows best
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