MUSA ALAYHIS SALAAM

صفة موسى عليه السلام

 

Quran: Al-Shu‘ara, 26/31-32

”And he withdrew his hand and it appeared white to the those watching”

سورة الشعراء ٢٦/٣١-٣٢

وَنَزَعَ يَدَهُ فَإِذَا هِيَ بَيْضَاء لِلنَّاظِرِينَ

تفسير الطبري 

وكان موسى، فيما ذكر لنا، آدم، فجعل الله تحول يده بيضاء من غير برص، له آية


Al Quraan Al Kareem wa bihaamishah Tafseer Al Jalalayn page 164

‘‘He took out his hand’ meaning that he took his hand out of his pocket. ‘And it appeared white for the onlookers’ means that it was bright and was opposite to Al Udmah ”

 القرآن الكريم وبهامشه تفسير الجلالين  ١٦٤

(ونزع يده) أخرجها من جيبه (فإذا هي بيضاء) ذات شعاع (للناظرين) خلاف ما كانت عليه من الأدمة


Sahih al-Bukhari 3404

On the authority of Abu Hurairah may Allah be pleased with him who said, Allah’s Messenger may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon them said, ” Moses was a shy person and used to cover his body completely so that nothing of his skin was seen because of his extensive shyness. One of the children of Israel offended him by saying, ‘He only covers his body in this way because of some defect in his skin, either leprosy or scrotal hernia, or some other defect.’ Allah wished to clear Moses of what they said about him, so one day while Moses was in seclusion, he took off his clothes and put them on a stone and started taking a bath. When he had finished the bath, he moved towards his clothes in order to take them, but the stone took his clothes and fled; Moses grabbed his stick and ran after the stone saying, ‘O stone! Give me my garment!’ Till he reached a group of Bani Israel who saw him naked then, and found him the BEST OF WHAT ALLAH HAD CREATED, and Allah cleared him of what they had accused him of. The stone stopped  and Moses took his garments and put them on and started to hit the stone with his stick. By Allah, the stone still has some traces of the beating, three, four or five marks. This was what Allah refers to in His Saying; “O you who believe! Be you not like those who aggravated Moses, but Allah proved his innocence of that which they claimed, And he was honourable in Allah’s sight.” (33.69)

صحيح البخاري ٣٤٠٤ 
حَدَّثَنِي إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا رَوْحُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَوْفٌ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، وَمُحَمَّدٍ، وَخِلاَسٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إِنَّ مُوسَى كَانَ رَجُلاً حَيِيًّا سِتِّيرًا، لاَ يُرَى مِنْ جِلْدِهِ شَىْءٌ، اسْتِحْيَاءً مِنْهُ، فَآذَاهُ مَنْ آذَاهُ مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَقَالُوا مَا يَسْتَتِرُ هَذَا التَّسَتُّرَ إِلاَّ مِنْ عَيْبٍ بِجِلْدِهِ، إِمَّا بَرَصٌ وَإِمَّا أُدْرَةٌ وَإِمَّا آفَةٌ‏.‏ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُبَرِّئَهُ مِمَّا قَالُوا لِمُوسَى فَخَلاَ يَوْمًا وَحْدَهُ فَوَضَعَ ثِيَابَهُ عَلَى الْحَجَرِ ثُمَّ اغْتَسَلَ، فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ أَقْبَلَ إِلَى ثِيَابِهِ لِيَأْخُذَهَا، وَإِنَّ الْحَجَرَ عَدَا بِثَوْبِهِ، فَأَخَذَ مُوسَى عَصَاهُ وَطَلَبَ الْحَجَرَ، فَجَعَلَ يَقُولُ ثَوْبِي حَجَرُ، ثَوْبِي حَجَرُ، حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى مَلإٍ مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَرَأَوْهُ عُرْيَانًا أَحْسَنَ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ، وَأَبْرَأَهُ مِمَّا يَقُولُونَ، وَقَامَ الْحَجَرُ فَأَخَذَ ثَوْبَهُ فَلَبِسَهُ، وَطَفِقَ بِالْحَجَرِ ضَرْبًا بِعَصَاهُ، فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ بِالْحَجَرِ لَنَدَبًا مِنْ أَثَرِ ضَرْبِهِ ثَلاَثًا أَوْ أَرْبَعًا أَوْ خَمْسًا، فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ ‏{‏يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لاَ تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ آذَوْا مُوسَى فَبَرَّأَهُ اللَّهُ مِمَّا قَالُوا وَكَانَ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَجِيهًا‏}‏‏.‏‏”‏

Saheeh Al Bukhaari Book 65, Hadith 4638

A man from the Jews, was slapped on his face, came to the Prophet may allah’s peace and blessing be upon him and said, “O Muhammad! A man from your companions from the Ansar has slapped me on my face!” The Prophet may allah’s peace and blessing be upon him said, “Call him.” When they called him, the Prophet may allah’s peace and blessing be upon him said, “Why did you slap him?” He said, “O Allah’s Messenger (may Allah’s peace and blessing be upon him ! While I was passing by the Jews, I heard him saying, ‘By Him Who CHOSE Moses above the human beings,’ I said, ‘Even above Muhammad?’ I became angry and slapped him on the face.” The Prophet may Allah’s peace and blessing be upon him said, “DO NOT GIVE ME SUPERIORITY OVER THE OTHER PROPHETS, for on the Day of Resurrection the people will become unconscious and I will be the first to regain consciousness. Then I will see Moses holding one of the legs of the Throne. I will not know whether he has come to his senses before me or that the shock he had received at the Mountain, was sufficient for him.”

صحيح البخاري ٤٦٣٨

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى الْمَازِنِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْيَهُودِ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ لُطِمَ وَجْهُهُ وَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنَّ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَصْحَابِكَ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ لَطَمَ وَجْهِي‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ ادْعُوهُ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَدَعَوْهُ قَالَ ‏”‏ لِمَ لَطَمْتَ وَجْهَهُ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، إِنِّي مَرَرْتُ بِالْيَهُودِ فَسَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ وَالَّذِي اصْطَفَى مُوسَى عَلَى الْبَشَرِ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ وَعَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَخَذَتْنِي غَضْبَةٌ فَلَطَمْتُهُ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ لاَ تُخَيِّرُونِي مِنْ بَيْنِ الأَنْبِيَاءِ، فَإِنَّ النَّاسَ يَصْعَقُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَأَكُونُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ يُفِيقُ، فَإِذَا أَنَا بِمُوسَى آخِذٌ بِقَائِمَةٍ مِنْ قَوَائِمِ الْعَرْشِ، فَلاَ أَدْرِي أَفَاقَ قَبْلِي أَمْ جُزِيَ بِصَعْقَةِ الطُّورِ ‏”‏‏.‏

 

Sahih al-Bukhari 3438  Book 60, Hadith 109

And as for Musa he was Adam in complexion and had lank hair as of he was from the men of Zut.”

صحيح البخاري  ٣٤٣٨

وَأَمَّا مُوسَى فَآدَمُ جَسِيمٌ سَبْطٌ كَأَنَّهُ مِنْ رِجَالِ الزُّطِّ ‏”‏‏


   Ibn Taymiyyah makes mention of an authentic narration that mentions people of Zut being jet black in colour

Jamea Al Masaail chapter 5 page 78

jet black skinned men as if they were from the men of Al Zut

قال ابن تيمية في كتابه  جامع المسائل الحديثية – بدء الخلق والملائكة والجن والأنبياء  ج  ٥ ص ٧٨

أخرج ابن مردويه وأبو نعيم في الدلائل عن ابن مسعود قال : خرج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قبل الهجرة إلى نواحي مكة فخط لي خطا وقال : لا تحدثن شيئا حتى آتيك، ثم قال : لا يهولنك شيء تراه، فتقدم شيئا ثم جلس فإذا رجال سود كأنهم رجال الزط وكانوا كما قال الله تعالى : كادوا يكونون عليه لبدا .


l

Sahih al-Bukhari 3395, 3396 Book 60, Hadith 69

The Prophet may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him mentioned the night of his Ascension and said, “The prophet Moses was Adam ( dark brown to jet black ) , a tall as if  he was from the men of the tribe of Shanu’a.

وَذَكَرَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيْلَةَ أُسْرِيَ بِهِ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ مُوسَى آدَمُ طُوَالٌ كَأَنَّهُ مِنْ رِجَالِ شَنُوءَةَ ‏”‏‏


l

Sahih Muslim 165  Book 1, Hadith 326

”On my night journey I passed by Musa Ibn Imraan may peace be upon him was an Adam  (dark brown to jet black skinned) man, tall, kinky haired as if he was a man from Shanua tribe”

 مررت ليلة أسري بي على موسى بن عمران عليه السلام . رجل آدم طوال جعد . كأنه من رجال شنوءة

k


l

In Al Masdar by Al Bayhaqi , Chapter 2 Page 390 

.. Musa Ibn Imraan – Aadam coloured man ( dark brown to jet black) , very hairy ….

الراوي: أبو سعيد الخدري المحدث: البيهقي – المصدر: دلائل النبوة   ج ٢  ص ٣٩٠

فإذا أنا بموسى بن عمران –رجل آدم كثير الشعر لو كان عليه قميصان لنفد شعره دون القميص

خلاصة الدرجة: أمثل إسنادا



In Musnad Ahmed Ibn Hanbal , Chapter 50 page 488 Authenticated by Sheikh Arnoot 

The Messenger of Allah may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him said, And the description of Moses may peace be upon him : ” And I saw Moses intensely black skinned”

The words used here are Asham Adam which in another example which shows us how Adam and intense blackness are related.

ن

مسند أحمد بن حنبل ج 50 ص 488

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم في وصفه لموسى عليه السلام: “و رأيت موسى أسحم آدم”. رواه أحمد وغيره وصححه الأرناؤوط

Ibn Mandhor narrates in Lisaan Al Arab

AsSahm wal Suhaam wal Sahmah is black and Al Layth said that As Sahmah is black like the blackness of the crow.

لسان العرب

السَّحَمُ والسُّحام والسُّحْمَةُ السواد وقال الليث السّحْمَةُ سواد كلون الغراب


 Tafseer Al Baydhaawy Chapter 3 page 29

Verily (Musa) alayhi Asalaam was Adaam shadeed Al Udmah jet black.

 تفسير البيضاوي ج 3 ص 27

روي: انه علي السلام كان ادم شديد الادمة.

The majority of the scholars understood the meaning of Adam in the description of Musa alayhi As Salaam to mean Adam Shadeed Al Udmah in other words ASWAD.

 

Imaam Al Alaamah Al Dhahabi says in his book Seera A’laam Al Nubalaa Chapter 2 page 168

‘They said Aswad (jet black) and this means whoever is covered in blackness. They say (jet )black or Shadeed Al Udmah.”

سير أعلام النبلاء ج٢ ص ١٦٨

قالوا اسود و كذا كل من غلب عليه السواد قالوا اسود او شديد الادمة

Read more about how the scholars understood the term Adam Shadeed Al Udmah here

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